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Lumps / Bumps / Miscellaneous Lesions London

DERMATOFIBROMATA (histiocytomata) are common harmless firm lumps caused by a proliferation of normal cells called fibroblasts. They often follow insect bites, so most frequently arise on lower legs.  These can be surgically excised, if desired.

KELOID scars are ugly scars that fail to improve with the passage of time. Treatment is difficult as they tend to recur.  Combinations of compression, cryotherapy, injection of corticosteroid or excision can help the cosmetic appearance.

CYSTS are non-cancerous closed pockets of tissue that can be filled with fluid, pus, or other material.

They can appear anywhere and feel like lumps under the surface of the skin. Cysts can develop as a result of infection, clogging of sebaceous glands (oil glands), or around foreign bodies, such as earrings or trapped hairs. They can sometimes enlarge to golf ball size or greater.

How are skin cysts treated?

Cysts usually do not cause pain unless they rupture or become infected or inflamed.  Some cysts disappear on their own without treatment whilst others may need to be surgically drained.  This involves piercing the cyst with a sharp object and draining it. Some inflamed cysts can be treated with an injection of cortisone medication to cause it to shrink.  Occasionally cysts do not respond to other treatments or reoccur and these can be removed surgically.

LIPOMA (Fatty Lumps ) are very common. They are due to a proliferation of adipose (fat) tissue and present as solitary or multiple symptomless soft lumps under the skin. They can be removed in a similar way to cyst removal.